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PSY 301 Developmental Psychology

Unit Test #1 Review

 

·          “cohort effects” – what it means, examples

·         Meaning of life expectancy, changes in it over time & consequences

·         Meaning of SES

·         Bandura’s concept of social learning/modeling

·         Heritability, & specifically the results of the Swedish Twin Adoption Study

·         Meaning of “person-environment fit” and examples

·         Assumptions/characteristics generally of stage theories of development

·         Meaning of “assimilation” and “accommodation,” be able to recognize examples

·         Sequence & length of stages of prenatal development, what occurs generally in each

·         Risk factors for low birthweight babies

·         Connection between social support during pregnancy and later attachment

·         Definition of “teratogen” and some common ones

·         Infant mortality – definition, rate & reasons in U.S.

·         Development of nervous system

·         Characteristics of sensorimotor stage, meaning of  “object permanence” and “little scientist phase”

·         Chomsky and language acquisition

·         Bowlby’s work on attachment

·         Secure and insecure attachment – definitions and characteristics

·         Thomas & Chess temperament styles

·         Academic effects of poverty, predictors of later performance

·         Head Start

·         Erikson’s stages of trust/mistrust & search for autonomy

·        Growth and importance of frontal lobes in childhood

·        Principles of growth, gross vs. fine motor skills

·        Inadequate nutrition and obesity – rates, effects, causes

·        Characteristics of preoperational thought, according to Piaget

·        Characteristics of concrete operational thought, according to Piaget

·        Vygotsy’s concept of scaffolding

·        Definition and importance of emotional regulation

·        Self-esteem in childhood

·        Erikson’s stage of industry vs. inferiority

·        Definition of prosocial behavior, how to foster it in children

·        Causes & characteristics of highly aggressive behavior

·        Types of play, gender differences

·        Gender schema theory

·        Baumrind’s parenting styles, characteristics & effects of each

·        Corporal punishment – definition, effects

·        Effects of divorce on children, how to minimize effects

·        Reading and school readiness issues in low-income children

·        Definitions:  adolescence, puberty, emerging adulthood

·        Factors affecting onset of puberty

·        Effects of being an early-maturing vs. late-maturing girl

·        Body image issues and eating disorders

·        Boys’ and girls’ attitudes about sex and relationships

·        What do adolescents want from sex education

·        Historical development of adolescent period in the US

·        Piaget’s stage of formal operations, its characteristics, examples & applications

·        Kohlberg’s stages of moral reasoning – be able to describe each and give examples

·        Delinquency in teens

·        Symptoms of serious behavior problems

·        Best approach to parenting teens

·        Erikson’s tasks of identity vs. identity confusion and intimacy vs. isolation

·        Marcia’s work on identity, 4 categories

·        Principle of homogamy, application to mate selection

·        Characteristics of stable and unstable relationships

·        Attachment styles and adult relationships

·        history of marriage as an institution

·        Marital satisfaction over time – general trends

·        Sternberg’s theory of love, including components & types

·        characteristics of happy long-term marriages

·        Relationship attachment styles and later relationship style

·        divorce—causes, effects

·        Erikson’s stage of generativity vs. stagnation

·        changes in intelligence & memory in middle adulthood, fluid vs. crystallized

·        formal vs. postformal thought, characteristics

·        life expectancy, factors involved

·        memory changes in older adults

·        socioemotional selectivity theory

·        factors affecting life satisfaction in older age

·        effects of being widowed, stages of adjustment, gender difs.

·        Common age-related diseases

·        Alzheimer’s –causes, symptoms

·         Most common pathway to death in developed countries

·         Changes in the process of death with advances in medical science

·         “Western death awareness movement”

·         Kubler-Ross theory, contributions and critiques

·         Meaning of a “good death”