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PSY 301 Developmental Psychology

Unit Test #1 Review

 

·         Meaning of normative and nonnormative transitions

·          “cohort effects” – what it means, examples

·         Meaning of life expectancy, changes in it over time & consequences

·         Meaning of SES

·         Characteristics of individualistic vs. collectivistic cultures

·         Nature-nurture debate in various theoretical models of development

·         Bandura’s concept of social learning/modeling

·         Heritability, & specifically the results of the Swedish Twin Adoption Study

·         Meaning of “person-environment fit” and examples

·         Assumptions/characteristics generally of stage theories of development

·         Meaning of “assimilation” and “accommodation,” be able to recognize examples

·         know definitions of/difference between cross-sectional research & longitudinal research

·         Definition of fertilization, number of chromosomes in sperm & ovum, in zygote

·         Sequence & length of stages of prenatal development, what occurs generally in each

·         Principles of development (proximodistal, cephalocaudal, etc.)

·         Risk factors for low birthweight babies

·         Connection between social support during pregnancy and later attachment

·         Issues of fathers-to-be

·         Definition of “teratogen” and some common ones, when have greatest effect

·         Infant mortality – definition, rate & reasons in U.S.

·         Development of nervous system

·         Visual cliff experiment

·         Characteristics of sensorimotor stage, meaning of “means-end behavior” and “object permanence”

·         Evidence of early thinking

·         “little scientist phase”

·         Chomsky and language acquisition

·         Bowlby’s work on attachment

·         Ability to decode other people’s intentions

·         Secure and insecure attachment – definitions and characteristics

·         Thomas & Chess temperament styles

·         Academic effects of poverty, predictors of later performance

·         Head Start

·         Erikson’s stages of trust/mistrust & search for autonomy

·         Kagan’s research on shyness