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History and Systems Test Review

Test #2 Chs. 7-11


·        Characteristics of the romantic and existential philosophers generally

·        Rousseau – ideas about human nature, government

·        Schopenhauer – ideas about irrational forces, sublimation & denial

·        Kierkegaard – God, faith, truth

·        Nietzsche – two warring forces, self-determination & controlled passion

·        Bell-Magendie law- its significance and contribution to psychology

·        Helmholtz- beliefs on science, theory of signs

·        Phrenology- definition and what it is used for

·        Broca- connections between behavioral disorders and specific brain areas

·        Weber- two-point threshold, just noticeable difference, Weber’s law & its importance  (and be able to work a problem)

·        Definitions of psychophysics and materialism

·        Fechner- absolute and differential thresholds, method of limits

·        Wundt- views on studying higher mental processes, his definition of sensation, perception, apperception, creative synthesis, voluntarism

·        Formal founding of psychology in 1879 with Wundt’s lab

·        Titchener- number of identifiable elements of consciousness, his view on how these elements of thought combine

·        Ebbinghaus- his work on learning and memory

·        Darwin- basis & components of his theory, struggle for survival, natural selection, his definition of fitness, his theory’s importance to psychology

·        Galton- areas he pioneered

·        Binet- Simon intelligent scale- its first use

·        Functionalism- definition, main ideas and themes

·        James- approaches to studying humans, pragmatism, radical empiricism, stream of consciousness, developing good habits, components of the empirical self, Varieties of Religious Experiences, self as knower